Most foods in Lebanon meet trans-fat limits, but some traditional dishes, baked goods and margarines lag behind

Most foods in Lebanon meet trans-fat limits, but some traditional dishes, baked goods and margarines lag behind

In the initial of its kind study, 145 food samples ended up gathered and analysed concerning 2019 to 2021 for two trans fatty acids, elaidic acid (EA) and linolelaidic acid (LEA) employing gas chromatography.

The ingestion of trans-excess fat is broadly acknowledged to be affiliated with an increased hazard of heart assaults and demise from coronary heart illness. In Lebanon, 9.4{460fb034a27e548ed5501d55c9fd9d89f1a53c3345e8f9d2a556ed1430e65ba9} of deaths from coronary heart disorders were connected to trans-fat intake.

WHO recommends that trans-unwanted fat ingestion must not exceed 2{460fb034a27e548ed5501d55c9fd9d89f1a53c3345e8f9d2a556ed1430e65ba9} in complete unwanted fat consumption.

To our information, this is the initial nationwide review that assesses the information of EA and LEA in food items, which can give baseline information on the dietary sources of trans-extra fat in Lebanon, and is a vital stepstone to decrease the risk of loss of life and hospitalisation by CVDs​,” scientists from Lebanon and Egypt wrote in Nutrients​.

Foodstuff sampling

Food items had been obtained from the five major governorates in Lebanon (Beirut, Beqaa, Tripoli, Saida, and Mount Lebanon).

There had been 30 sorts of regular dishes this kind of as baba ghanouj, falafel, shawarma dajaj gathered from central kitchens.

Other goods integrated 35 Arabic sweets, 46 industry food stuff products and solutions these types of as snacks and bread, as nicely as 34 varieties of butter and margarines.

The fatty acid profile was measured making use of fuel chromatography. 

Conventional dishes

Inside of this class, most products and solutions had trans-fat concentrations inside of WHO’s recommendations, apart from for riz a dajaj and shawarma lahma which exceeded 2{460fb034a27e548ed5501d55c9fd9d89f1a53c3345e8f9d2a556ed1430e65ba9} in complete unwanted fat.

EA was drastically higher than LEA in all classic dishes.

Nonetheless, none of the 35 samples in the Arabic sweets category exceeded 2{460fb034a27e548ed5501d55c9fd9d89f1a53c3345e8f9d2a556ed1430e65ba9} trans-body fat in complete fats consumption.